Pentecost (Flanders, c. 1325)
May 5, 2009
Leaf from a gradual:
Initial S with Pentecost
Flanders, ca. 1325
Parchment with ink, paint, and gold
This initial begins the Introit for the feast of Pentecost, “Spiritus domini replevit orbem terrarum …” (The spirit of the Lord fills the whole world).
Pentecost is the feast that celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus’ apostles. The Virgin Mary appears in the center of the group: this was standard iconography from the twelfth century on. Prior to the twelfth century, the apostles were depicted without her.
Free Library of Philadelphia Lewis E M 66:9