Pentecost (Flanders, c. 1325)

May 5, 2009

mcai660091b

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Leaf from a gradual:

Initial S with Pentecost

Flanders, ca. 1325

Script: Gothic

Parchment with ink, paint, and gold

Notation: Square

 

This initial begins the Introit for the feast of Pentecost, “Spiritus domini replevit orbem terrarum …” (The spirit of the Lord fills the whole world).

Pentecost is the feast that celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon Jesus’ apostles.  The Virgin Mary appears in the center of the group: this was standard iconography from the twelfth century on.  Prior to the twelfth century, the apostles were depicted without her.

Free Library of Philadelphia Lewis E M 66:9

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